Podcasts from The Cochrane Library

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Updated: 56 min 53 sec ago

Can travel-related control measures contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic?

Fri, 09/18/2020 - 20:01

COVID-19 has spread quickly throughout the world, and Cochrane is preparing a series of rapid reviews of the evidence to help decision makers with their response. In this podcast, lead author, Jake Burns from the University of Munich in Germany describes the findings of our review of the effects of travel-related control measures, which was published in September 2020.

Prolonged lung inflation for resuscitation of babies at birth

Mon, 09/07/2020 - 20:08

The Cochrane Neonatal Group has produced 400 Cochrane Reviews over the last two decades, updating these periodically as new evidence becomes available. In March 2020, they published the second update of their review of using sustained or standard inflation to help newborn babies who are struggling to breathe. We asked Dina Muscat Meng, Communications Consultant at Cochrane Sweden, to interview lead author and Director at Cochrane Sweden, Matteo Bruschettini, to tell us about the latest findings.

Behavioural activation therapy for depression in adults

Fri, 08/07/2020 - 18:21

Depression affects vast numbers of people around the world and our collection of relevant reviews was added to in July 2020 with a new review of the effects of a therapy known as behavioural activation. We asked the lead author, Eleonora Uphoff from the Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Group based at the University of York in the UK to tell us about the findings.

Patient-initiated appointments for people with chronic conditions managed in hospital outpatient settings

Fri, 08/07/2020 - 16:24

One technique that has been suggested to improve patients’ interaction with secondary care is to give them more control over the setting of their appointments. In April 2020, a new Cochrane Review of relevant research was published by a team of authors from the south west of England. We asked two of them to tell us about the findings in this podcast, beginning with Mark Perry from United Hospitals Plymouth and Plymouth University Peninsula School of Medicine and Dentistry, followed by Rebecca Whear from the University of Exeter’s Medical School.

Health workers' perceptions and experiences of using mHealth technologies to deliver primary healthcare services: a qualitative evidence synthesis

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 20:51

Alongside the Cochrane Reviews being prepared with a special focus on COVID-19, we have many reviews that provide useful information for policy makers during the pandemic. Among these is a new qualitative evidence synthesis from March 2020 on the use of mobile devices by health workers. In this podcast, Adriaan Odendaal speaks to lead author Willem Odendaal from the South African Medical Research Council about the review’s findings and its relevance to COVID-19.

Plasma from people who have recovered from COVID-19 to treat individuals with COVID-19

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 19:28

Cochrane is producing a series of reviews to help decision makers respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. In July 2020, we published our first update of the review of convalescent plasma and hyperimmune immunoglobulin and we asked its lead author, Vanessa Piechotta from the University Hospital Cologne in Germany, to tell us what they found.

Interventions available during pandemics for heavy menstrual bleeding: an overview of Cochrane Reviews

Thu, 08/06/2020 - 16:02

The COVID-19 pandemic has presented many challenges for healthcare systems. Interventions which were routinely delivered before 2020 are now difficult to administer and it is important to identify the effectiveness of interventions that are available. One way to do this is through focused overviews of existing reviews and this was done in July 2020 for interventions for heavy menstrual bleeding. In this podcast, Dr Martin Hirsch from University College Hospitals talks to Dr James Duffy from King’s Fertility about the findings.

Exercise for dysmenorrhoea

Mon, 08/03/2020 - 19:54

Dysmenorrhoea is the medical name given to painful uterine cramps of menstrual origin, which is also known as period pain. There are several Cochrane Reviews of ways that might ease this and the one investigating the benefits of exercise was updated in September 2019. Here’s one of the authors, Jane Chalmers from Western Sydney University in Australia, to tell us what it found.

Interventions for helping older adults prescribed multiple medications to use and take their medications

Thu, 07/16/2020 - 19:52

Older people often have multiple chronic health problems, requiring multiple different medicines. However, this can be challenging and a new Cochrane Review in May 2020 examines the effectiveness of interventions that might help them. Here’s lead author, Amanda Cross from Monash University in Parkville Australia to tell us what the review found.

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation versus surgical aortic valve replacement in people with severe aortic stenosis and low surgical risk

Thu, 07/16/2020 - 13:52

The Cochrane Heart Group have produced more than 200 reviews, covering a very wide range of conditions and interventions. In December 2019, they published a new review comparing different procedures for patients with severe aortic stenosis and we asked the lead author, Ahmed Kolkailah from the Department of Medicine at Cook County Health in Chicago, USA to tell us about the condition and the review’s findings.

Can symptoms and medical examination accurately diagnose COVID-19 disease?

Thu, 07/09/2020 - 20:37

COVID-19 has spread quickly throughout the world, and Cochrane is producing a series of rapid reviews to help decision makers deal with the pandemic and its impact. One of these reviews, published in June 2020, examines the accuracy of using signs and symptoms to diagnose whether someone has the disease. We asked the lead author, Thomas Struyf from the KU Leuven in Belgium, to tell us why the review is needed and what they found.

Keyhole (laparoscopic) surgery through the abdomen for treating urinary incontinence in women

Thu, 06/11/2020 - 01:25

Cochrane Incontinence has produced more than 40 systematic reviews of interventions that might help people suffering from incontinence. In this podcast, one of the group’s researchers, Fiona Stewart, talks with author Wael Agur, a subspecialist and lead urogynaecologist for NHS Ayrshire & Arran, UK, about the December 2019 update for one of these, looking at the effects of a type of surgery called laparoscopic colposuspension.

Video calls for reducing social isolation and loneliness in older people

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 18:12

The response to the COVID-19 pandemic has included restrictions on some people’s movement, to try to protect them from the virus. This isolation may have adverse effects on mental health and, in May 2020, we published a rapid review of the effects of using video calls to ease this among older people. We asked the lead reviewer, Chris Noone from the National University of Ireland in Galway to describe the evidence that they found.

Enteral lactoferrin supplementation for prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants

Fri, 06/05/2020 - 16:42

Sepsis is the most common cause of death for newborn babies worldwide. Mohan Pammi and Gautham Suresh from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, USA updated the Cochrane review of the evidence on the use of lactoferrin, in March 2020, and we asked Mohan to describe the latest findings.

Community-based maternal and newborn educational care packages for improving neonatal health and survival in low- and middle-income countries

Thu, 06/04/2020 - 19:52

Poor health is a common problem for many newborn babies in low-resource settings. One way to help with this might be through the delivery of educational care packages to mothers and communities, and a new Cochrane review from November 2019 looked at the evidence for these. We asked lead author Zohra Lassi from the Robinson Research Institute at the University of Adelaide in Australia to take us through the findings of the review.