Podcasts from The Cochrane Library

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Cochrane produces systematic reviews which are recognized as the highest standard in evidence-based health care resources. Listen to Cochrane review authors explain in plain language the evidence and findings of their high-impact reviews. In 5 minutes or less, healthcare professionals to patients and families can understand the latest trusted evidence to help make better informed decisions.
Updated: 3 min 49 sec ago

Do mobility strategies improve and restore mobility after hip fracture surgery in adults?

Tue, 03/21/2023 - 20:41

Hip fracture is an increasingly important health problem and many people experience lasting impacts on their mobility and physical function after breaking their hip. An updated Cochrane review of interventions for improving mobility after hip fractures was published in September 2022 by researchers in Australia. In this podcast, Venisa Wing Kwok speaks with one of the authors, Nicola Fairhall both from the Institute for Musculoskeletal Health in the University of Sydney about the findings.

What are the benefits and risks of medication reviews for hospitalised adults?

Mon, 03/06/2023 - 16:24

Several strategies are used to monitor and optimise the use of drugs for hospitalised patients and the Cochrane review of medication review was updated in January 2023. In this podcast, one of the group’s researchers, Mikkel Christensen, talks with lead author Cille Bülow, both from Copenhagen University Hospital in Denmark, about their latest findings.

House modifications for preventing malaria

Mon, 02/20/2023 - 20:36

Cochrane Infectious Diseases has produced dozens of reviews on the prevention and treatment of malaria. These include interventions, such as drugs, taken by people, as well as some at the level of the environment. One of these looks at house modifications for preventing malaria and we asked lead author, Tilly Fox from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine in the UK to tell us about the importance of the October 2022 update and its findings.

Which is the best treatment for heavy menstrual bleeding?

Fri, 02/17/2023 - 21:31

In May 2022, Cochrane published the first version of an overview and network meta-analysis of interventions for heavy menstrual bleeding, which can affect 20% to 50% of people who menstruate during their reproductive years. There are a variety of treatments available, each with its pros and cons, and the best treatment is likely to depend on several factors, including age, desire to have children, personal preferences and medical history.

Music for insomnia in adults

Mon, 02/13/2023 - 17:23

Insomnia affects many people and a wide range of approaches are taken to try to help with it. One of these involves listening to music and the relevant Cochrane Review was updated in August 2022. Here's lead author, Kira Vibe Jespersen from Aarhus University and The Royal Academy of Music Aarhus/Aalborg in Denmark to tell us about the importance of the review and what it found.

Are corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory medicines) given orally or by injection an effective treatment for people with COVID-19?

Mon, 02/13/2023 - 16:41

Cochrane has produced a series of reviews relevant to the COVID-19 pandemic and is keeping these up-to-date in light of new evidence. In November 2022, we published the second version of a living systematic review on systemic corticosteroids and, in this podcast, the first authors, Mirko Griesel of the University of Leipzig Medical Center and Carina Wagner of the University Hospital in Cologne in Germany, talk about the evidence they’ve found and the potential effects of these drugs.

Is ultrasound guidance a good option for peripheral intravenous cannulation in adults?

Fri, 01/27/2023 - 15:37

The intravenous administration of fluids and drugs, and the drawing of blood samples requires the placing of a catheter or cannula into a vein using a needle in a procedure known as peripheral intravenous cannulation. There are different ways to guide the procedure and a new Cochrane Review from December 2022 looks at the effect of using ultrasound guidance. In this podcast, Edoardo Ostinelli from the University of Oxford talks with lead author Masafumi Tada from Kyoto University in Japan, about the review.

Yoga for chronic non-specific low back pain

Tue, 01/24/2023 - 21:20

Low-back pain is a very common problem, and a variety of treatments have been assessed in Cochrane Reviews. In November 2022, we published an update of the 2017 Cochrane review of the effects of yoga for chronic, non-specific low-back pain. The review was led by Susan Wieland of the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field in the USA, together with colleagues from Canada, Germany and the UK. Here’s another of the authors on the review, Shireen Harbin from the Institute for Work & Health in Toronto Canada to tell us about the latest findings.

Additional therapies used with exercise therapy for hip or knee osteoarthritis

Fri, 01/20/2023 - 21:36

Osteoarthritis is the commonest type of arthritis and there are Cochrane reviews for many interventions that might be used to treat it. These were added to in October 2022 with a new review of the effects of using adjunctive therapies along with land-based exercise therapy for osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. In this podcast, podcast editor Mike Clarke speaks with lead author Helen French from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, about the importance of the review and its findings.

Xpert Ultra for diagnosing tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance in children

Fri, 01/20/2023 - 20:53

Most Cochrane Reviews look at the effects of interventions on health, but a growing number provide evidence on how to diagnose a disease. In September 2022, one of these diagnostic test accuracy reviews was updated for a test used to detect tuberculosis in children. The lead author, Alex Kay (left), and co-author, Tara Ness, from the Texas Children’s Hospital in Houston in the USA, tell us about the importance of the review and its latest findings in this podcast.

Blood pressure targets in people with cardiovascular disease

Tue, 01/10/2023 - 21:15

Many people with heart or vascular problems also have high blood pressure, and the latest update of the Cochrane Review of using blood pressure targets in their treatment was published in November 2022. Here's lead author, Luis Carlos Saiz from the Navarre Health Service in Pamplona Spain, to tell us about the review and its latest findings.

Opioid maintenance medicines for the treatment of dependence on opioid pain medicines

Thu, 12/15/2022 - 17:03

Some patients who take pharmaceutical opioids to treat pain become dependent on them and might need to switch to medications such as opioid agonists. In September 2022, an updated Cochrane Review brought together the relevant evidence and, in this podcast, Addiction Psychiatrist Shalini Arunogiri from Monash University and Turning Point in Melbourne talks with lead author, Suzanne Nielsen (or Suzi) from the Monash Addiction Research Centre in Australia.